Proper Maintenance of Sewer Utilities
Residential, commercial and industrial premises un various activities that require water and removal of wastewater hence water and sewer utilities are very important. Water utilities majorly provide potable water to use in industrial, commercial and residential areas for cleaning, washing, drinking, cooking and supporting other needs that need water. Once potable water has been used, wastewater is generated which needs to be removed from all the premises by use of the sewer utilities into a commonplace. Pipes for facilitating service delivery in water and sewer utilities usually run together as they both serve the same region although some sewer utilities run underground. Water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipe to prevent chances of contamination in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water carried in sewer utilities is taken to a common place for disposal or treatment to make it safe for disposing into the environment. The sewage usually comprises all the wastewater from all residential, commercial and industrial premises in an area. Sewer utilities can also accommodate storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. This is because it is easier to manage sewage water and storm water separately as they contain different types and quantities of waste. In a treatment plant where wastewater is taken, the organic nod inorganic pollutants are removed making the water safe for disposal into the environment. For these services to be successful, the user needs to pay for them as they are paying for the water utilities since most are run by the same company in most regions. The payments collected are used in the maintenance of the sewer utilities.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. Septic tanks are either made of concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are very effective for use in residential areas that produce less wastewater as compared to industrial and commercial premises. The septic tanks also have a mechanism of treating the wastewater disposed of which is then released into the environment. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. These include reducing the amount of oil disposed as well as preventing release of harmful chemicals that are likely to kill microorganisms or destroy the septic tank. Septic tanks should be placed beneath the ground and they should be made in a way that they do not leak r release odors into the environment. In many areas, the law requires that the septic tanks be place at least 5 feet from the house.